Definitions & Types of Repairs

King Tide

A King Tide is a non-scientific term people often use to describe exceptionally high tides. Tides are long-period waves that roll around the planet as the ocean is “pulled” back and forth by the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun as these bodies interact with the Earth in their monthly and yearly orbits.

Saltwalter Intrusion

Is the movement of saline water into freshwater aquifers, which can lead to contamination of drinking water sources and other consequences. Saltwater intrusion occurs naturally to some degree in most coastal aquifers, owing to the hydraulic connection between groundwater and sea water.

Nuisance Flooding

Nuisance flooding is minor, recurrent flooding that takes place at high tide. It occurs when the ocean has reached the “brim” locally. Because of sea level rise, nuisance flooding in the United States has become a “sunny day” event—not necessarily linked to storms or heavy rain.

Climate Change

A change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular, a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels. (

Barrier Island

A broadened barrier beach, habitable in places, that provides a measure of protection for the mainland, as during hurricanes and tidal waves. (


The flow of water and sediment over a coastal dune or beach crest during storm events (or other situations with high water). (Wikipedia)


Something that drains or flows off, as rain that flows off from the land in streams.

Head (AKA Hydraulic Head or Pressure Head)

In fluid mechanics, the pressure head is the internal energy of a fluid due to the pressure exerted on its container. It may also be called static pressure head or simply static head.


Nanofiltration is filtration in which a substance is put through a filter with holes that are measured in nanometers. (Collins Dictionary).


Submerged Aquatic Vegetation.


Intracoastal Waterway.

Reverse Osmosis

Liquid filtering process in which a contaminated (more concentrated) liquid is forced to pass through a semi-permeable membrane that blocks most dissolved or suspended contaminants. It is called ‘reverse’ because in normal osmosis a less-concentrated liquid passes into a more concentrated one.

Climate Change Mitigation

Climate Change Mitigation refers to efforts to reduce or prevent the emission of greenhouse gases. Mitigation can mean using new technologies and renewable energies, making older equipment more energy efficient, or changing management practices or consumer behavior.
(UN Environment)

Sea Level Rise

Sea Level Rise is an increase in global mean sea level as a result of an increase in the volume of water in the world’s oceans. Sea level rise is usually attributed to global climate change by thermal expansion of the water in the oceans and by melting of ice sheets and glaciers on land.


Groundwater recharge or deep drainage or deep percolation is a hydrologic process where water moves downward from surface water to groundwater. Recharge is the primary method through which water enters an aquifer. (Wikipedia)

Climate Change Adaptation

a process by which strategies to moderate, cope with and take advantage of the consequences of climatic events are enhanced, developed, and implemented.


The point in the orbit of a heavenly body, especially the moon, or an artificial satellite at which it is nearest to the earth. (

Dispersion Zone

A diffuse zone in which freshwater and saltwater mix. (Groundwater Resources Program)


Relating to or living or located on the bank of a natural watercourse (such as a river) or sometimes of a lake or a tidewater.


Any of a genus of tropical maritime trees or shrubs that send out many prop roots and form dense masses important in coastal land building and as foundations of unique ecosystems.


Florida Department of Environmental Protection.


Environmental Resource Permit.